Peripheral neuropathy is a condition that affects the nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, specifically in the feet and hands. It is becoming a common condition, affecting millions of people worldwide, and can be caused by a variety of factors. However, the most common cause of peripheral neuropathy in the feet is a lack of blood flow to the nerves in your lower legs and feet.
The lack of blood flow causing neuropathy is most commonly caused by diabetes. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that causes high blood sugar levels, which can damage the nerves in the feet and other parts of the body.
Nerve damage can cause a range of symptoms, including numbness, tingling, and pain in the feet. Over time, the damage can become more severe, leading to weakness and loss of balance.
Other potential causes of peripheral neuropathy in the feet include autoimmune disorders, infections, and exposure to toxins. Autoimmune disorders such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis can cause inflammation and damage to the nerves. Infections such as HIV, Lyme disease, or shingles can also damage the nerves in the feet. Exposure to toxins, such as those found in certain chemotherapy drugs or heavy metals, can also cause nerve damage.
It is essential to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms of peripheral neuropathy in your feet. A healthcare provider can help identify the underlying cause and develop a treatment plan to manage the symptoms and prevent further nerve damage. Treatment may include medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise.